Full course description
Like all urban centers in the United States, Richmond is visibly segregated by race. Divided into separate parts of the city and the surrounding area, Black and White Richmonders have unequal access to quality schools, transportation, good jobs, and amenities like grocery stores and green spaces. Poor Black neighborhoods are more often "heat islands," meaning they are on average hotter than wealthy Whites ones, posing multiple health problems. Residential segregation has played a critical role in creating and maintaining the wealth gap between Black and White Americans. It facilitates the over-policing of Black communities.It also leads to disparate health outcomes and life expectancy between Black and White residents of the city.